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Project Citation: 

Kuka, Elira, and Shenhav, Na’ama. Data and Code for: Long-Run Effects of Incentivizing Work After Childbirth. Nashville, TN: American Economic Association [publisher], 2024. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2024-04-30.

Project Description

Summary:  View help for Summary
This paper identifies the impact of increasing post-childbirth work incentives on mothers’ long-run careers. We exploit variation in work incentives across mothers based on the timing of a first birth and eligibility for the 1993 expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit. Ten to nineteen years after a first birth, single mothers who were exposed to the expansion immediately after birth (“early”), rather than 3–6 years later (“late”), have 0.62 more years of work experience and 4.2% higher earnings conditional on working. We show that higher earnings are primarily explained by improved wages due to greater work experience.

Scope of Project

Subject Terms:  View help for Subject Terms child penalty; return to experience; public policy; earned income tax credit
JEL Classification:  View help for JEL Classification
      H20 Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General
      J16 Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
      J22 Time Allocation and Labor Supply
Time Period(s):  View help for Time Period(s) 1978 – 2015 (labor market outcomes); 1988 – 1996 (years of first childbirth)
Universe:  View help for Universe Women with a first child born between 1988 and 1996
Data Type(s):  View help for Data Type(s) administrative records data; survey data

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