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Project Citation: 

He, Guojun, and Wang, Shaoda. Replication data for: Do College Graduates Serving as Village Officials Help Rural China? Nashville, TN: American Economic Association [publisher], 2017. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2019-10-12.

Project Description

Summary:  View help for Summary This study estimates the effect of improved bureaucrat quality on poverty alleviation by exploring a unique human capital reallocation policy in China—the College Graduate Village Officials (CGVOs) program. We find that introducing CGVOs into the village governance system improves the targeting and implementation of the central government's social assistance programs. CGVOs help eligible poor households understand and apply for relevant subsidies, thus increasing the number of pro-poor program beneficiaries. Further analysis suggests that CGVOs change bureaucrat quality, rather than quantity, of village governance, and their presence reduces elite capture of pro-poor programs.

Scope of Project

Subject Terms:  View help for Subject Terms Difference in Differences
JEL Classification:  View help for JEL Classification
      D73 Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
      H83 Public Administration; Public Sector Accounting and Audits
      J24 Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
      O17 Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
      O18 Economic Development: Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
      P25 Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies: Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics
      P26 Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies: Political Economy; Property Rights
Geographic Coverage:  View help for Geographic Coverage China
Time Period(s):  View help for Time Period(s) 2000 – 2011
Universe:  View help for Universe Village data in China
Data Type(s):  View help for Data Type(s) administrative records data; observational data
Collection Notes:  View help for Collection Notes Field Survey


Data Source:  View help for Data Source Ministry of Agriculture in China
Unit(s) of Observation:  View help for Unit(s) of Observation Village by Year,

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