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Project Citation: 

Ebenstein, Avraham, Lavy, Victor, and Roth, Sefi. Replication data for: The Long-Run Economic Consequences of High-Stakes Examinations: Evidence from Transitory Variation in Pollution. Nashville, TN: American Economic Association [publisher], 2016. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2019-10-12.

Project Description

Summary:  View help for Summary Cognitive performance during high-stakes exams can be affected by random disturbances that, even if transitory, may have permanent consequences. We evaluate this hypothesis among Israeli students who took a series of matriculation exams between 2000 and 2002. Exploiting variation across the same student taking multiple exams, we find that transitory PM2.5 exposure is associated with a significant decline in student performance. We then examine these students in 2010 and find that PM2.5 exposure during exams is negatively associated with postsecondary educational attainment and earnings. The results highlight how reliance on noisy signals of student quality can lead to allocative inefficiency.

Scope of Project

JEL Classification:  View help for JEL Classification
      I21 Analysis of Education
      I23 Higher Education; Research Institutions
      I26 Returns to Education
      J24 Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
      J31 Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
      Q51 Valuation of Environmental Effects
      Q53 Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling

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