Name File Type Size Last Modified
1894MicroData.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 4.5 MB 08/08/2019 11:01:AM
1900AggregatesForCorps.dta application/x-stata 2.1 MB 07/16/2019 12:54:PM
1900MicroData.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 1.6 MB 08/07/2019 08:53:AM
1908MicroData.xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet 2.3 MB 08/07/2019 11:06:AM text/x-stata-syntax 23.4 KB 08/08/2019 11:02:AM text/x-stata-syntax 42.2 KB 12/09/2019 09:19:AM text/x-stata-syntax 26.6 KB 12/12/2019 03:01:AM
AG_Corp_Prod_Database.dta application/x-stata 11 MB 08/07/2019 08:55:AM
AG_Corp_Prod_Database_withAktsiz.dta application/x-stata 11.9 MB 10/08/2014 12:10:PM
AG_Corp_RuscorpMasterFile_Cleaned.dta application/x-stata 3.3 MB 08/07/2019 09:27:PM

Project Citation: 

Gregg, Amanda. Imperial Russian Factory Database, 1894-1908. Nashville, TN: American Economic Association [publisher], 2020. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2020-01-29.

Project Description

Summary:  View help for Summary This database digitizes the 1894, 1900, and 1908 Imperial Russian manufacturing censuses. For each factory, the database includes industry, province, enterprise form, total workers, total revenue, and identifiers that allow factories to be matched over time. The 1894 and 1908 years also include information on the factory's total machine power. The dataset was constructed to study why some Russian firms chose to become corporations despite the Empire's expensive and time-consuming concession system. Note that the final analysis files exclude factories located outside of European Russia and, in the main data files, factories subject to the excise tax. 
Funding Sources:  View help for Funding Sources Economic History Association; National Science Foundation. Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences (DDIG 1220116); Yale Economic Growth Center; Sasakawa Young Leaders Fellowship Fund; Yale Program in Economic History; Yale MacMillan Center

Scope of Project

Subject Terms:  View help for Subject Terms Russia; Industry; Factories; Russian Empire; Corporations
JEL Classification:  View help for JEL Classification
      L20 General
      N63 Europe: Pre-1913
      O43 Institutions and Growth
Geographic Coverage:  View help for Geographic Coverage European Russia (Russian Empire)
Time Period(s):  View help for Time Period(s) 1894 – 1908 (Three years: 1894, 1900, and 1908)
Universe:  View help for Universe Manufacturing establishments in the European part of the Russian Empire.
Data Type(s):  View help for Data Type(s) aggregate data; census/enumeration data; program source code


Sampling:  View help for Sampling The dataset collects all industrial factories listed in the 1894, 1900, and 1908 Imperial Russian manufacturing censuses. Some factories are excluded because of industry (non-industrial categories, categories subject to the excise tax), and some are excluded by geographic (non-European Russia). 
Data Source:  View help for Data Source
  • Ministry of Finance Department of Trade and Manufacturing of the Russian Empire. Russian Factory Production: List of Factories and Plants [Фабрично-заводская промышленность России: Перечень фабрик и заводов]. St. Petersburg: Tipografia E.A Efrona, 1897.
  • Ministry of Finance of the Russian Empire. List of Factories and Plants of European Russia [Список фабрик и заводов Европейской России]. St. Petersburg: Tipografia Kirshbaum, 1903.
  • Ministry of Trade and Industry of the Russian Empire, Industrial Division. List of Factories and Plants of the Russian Empire. [Список фабрик и заводов Российской Империи]. V.E Varzar, ed. St. Petersburg: Tipografia Kirshbaum, 1912.
  • Ministry of Finance of the Russian Empire. Statistical Results on Factories and Plants by Industries Not Subject to the Excise Tax for 1900. [Статистические сведения о фабриках и заводах по производствам необложенным акцизом за 1900 год.] V.E. Varzar, ed. St. Petersburg: Tipografia Kirshbaum, 1903.
  • The manuscript data file used in the Appendix is based on sources collected at  the Russian State Historical Archive [Российский государственный исторический архив] (Abbreviated RGIA). St Petersburg, Russia.
  • Owen, Thomas C. RUSCORP: A Database of Corporations in the Russian Empire, 1700-1914. Third Release. Ann Arbor: Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research, 1992. 

Unit(s) of Observation:  View help for Unit(s) of Observation Factory in a year
Geographic Unit:  View help for Geographic Unit Imperial Russian Province

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