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Project Citation: 

Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy. Michigan Public Policy Survey Restricted Use Datasets. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-05-01. https://doi.org/10.3886/E100148V9

Persistent URL:  http://doi.org/10.3886/E100148V9

Project Description

Project Title:  Michigan Public Policy Survey Restricted Use Datasets
Summary:  The Michigan Public Policy Survey (MPPS) is a program of state-wide surveys of local government leaders in Michigan. The MPPS is designed to fill an important information gap in the policymaking process. While there are ongoing surveys of the business community and of the citizens of Michigan, before the MPPS there were no ongoing surveys of local government officials that were representative of all general purpose local governments in the state. Therefore, while we knew the policy priorities and views of the state's businesses and citizens, we knew very little about the views of the local officials who are so important to the economies and community life throughout Michigan.

The MPPS was launched in 2009 by the Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy (CLOSUP) at the University of Michigan and is conducted in partnership with the Michigan Association of Counties, Michigan Municipal League, and Michigan Townships Association. The associations provide CLOSUP with contact information for the survey's respondents, and consult on survey topics. CLOSUP makes all decisions on survey design, data analysis, and reporting, and receives no funding support from the associations.

The surveys investigate local officials' opinions and perspectives on a variety of important public policy issues and solicit factual information about their localities relevant to policymaking. Over time, the program has covered issues such as fiscal, budgetary and operational policy, fiscal health, public sector compensation, workforce development, local-state governmental relations, intergovernmental collaboration, economic development strategies and initiatives such as placemaking and economic gardening, the role of local government in environmental sustainability, energy topics such as hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") and wind power, trust in government, views on state policymaker performance, opinions on the impacts of the Federal Stimulus Program (ARRA), and more. The program will investigate many other issues relevant to local and state policy in the future.  A searchable database of every question the MPPS has asked is available on CLOSUP's website. Results of MPPS surveys are currently available as reports, and via online data tables.

The MPPS datasets are being released in two forms: public-use datasets and restricted-use datasets. Unlike the public-use datasets, the restricted-use datasets 
 represent full MPPS survey waves, and include all of the survey questions from a wave. Restricted-use datasets also allow for multiple waves to be linked together for longitudinal analysis. The MPPS staff do still modify these restricted-use datasets to remove jurisdiction and respondent identifiers and to recode other variables in order to protect confidentiality. However, it is theoretically possible that a researcher might be able, in some rare cases, to use enough variables from a full dataset to identify a unique jurisdiction, so access to these datasets is restricted and approved on a case-by-case basis. CLOSUP encourages researchers interested in the MPPS to review the codebooks included in this data collection to see the full list of variables including those not found in the public-use datasets, and to explore the MPPS data using the public-use-datasets. The codebooks for these restricted use datasets are available for download on CLOSUP's website. 


Scope of Project

Subject Terms:  townships; cities; local government; counties; Michigan; villages; municipalities
Geographic Coverage:  Michigan

Methodology

Sampling:  The sample for each MPPS includes on average two officials from each of the local general
purpose units of government in the state of Michigan. The sample frame includes, where the position exists and was not vacant, the top elected and top appointed official in each jurisdiction. The included positions vary by wave, but may include: for counties, county administrators, executives, clerks, and board chairs; for cities, mayors, city managers, and city clerks; for villages, village presidents, clerks, and managers. Townships are a special case, in that, typically, their governing officials are all elected. Therefore, in townships, both the elected supervisors and the elected clerks were administered 
Collection Mode(s):  mail questionnaire; web-based survey
Scales:  Likert-type scales are used
Weights: 
Each dataset includes two separate weights—one for individual-level (ind_wgt) and
one for jurisdiction-level (juris_wgt) analyses—that should be used to account for nonresponse
at the individual and jurisdictional levels, respectively. The variable samp_juris can be used to
select cases according to whether analysis is being done at the individual-level or jurisdictionlevel.
Unit(s) of Observation:  Jurisdiction, Individual


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