Project Citation: 

Blanco, Tyler, Floyd, Brian, Mitchell II, Bruce E., and Hughes, Rodney. Varied Institutional Responses to COVID-19: An Investigation of U.S. Colleges’ and Universities’ Reopening Plans for Fall 2020. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2022-03-10.

Project Description

Summary:  View help for Summary This study investigates COVID-19 risk factors, suitability of online instruction, politics, and institutions’ finances as rationales guiding instructional delivery decisions for Fall 2020 after COVID-19’s emergence. Contributions include estimating multinomial logit regressions with mode of delivery as a categorical variable, integrating resource dependence and crisis response as theoretical frames, and introducing new predictor variables including a measure of local residential access to broadband Internet. Findings suggest county populations, local political preferences, and the percentage of revenue derived from auxiliary enterprises were consistent predictors of delivery mode. Political parties of an institution’s governor and Congressional representative were predictive of delivery mode for institutions in the lowest tercile of endowment per student but not for institutions in the highest tercile. Bottom-tercile institutions substituted from online to in-person reopening as reliance on revenue from auxiliary enterprises increased, but top-tercile institutions appeared only to substitute from hybrid to in-person or from online to hybrid delivery as revenue from auxiliary enterprises or tuition and fees increased.

Scope of Project

Subject Terms:  View help for Subject Terms higher education; COVID-19; resource dependence; crisis response; politics of education
Geographic Coverage:  View help for Geographic Coverage United States of America
Time Period(s):  View help for Time Period(s) 7/1/2019 – 9/30/2020 (2019-20 through Fall 2020 academic years)
Universe:  View help for Universe Public and private not-for-profit two- and four-year United States colleges and universities with data available on Fall 2020 instructional delivery
Data Type(s):  View help for Data Type(s) census/enumeration data; geographic information system (GIS) data; observational data; other; survey data


Data Source:  View help for Data Source Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, American Community Survey, CDC Bridged-Race Population Estimates, USAFacts, Ballotpedia, College Crisis Initiative at Davidson College
Unit(s) of Observation:  View help for Unit(s) of Observation Higher education institutions

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