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Project Citation: 

Goncalves, Felipe, and Mello, Steven. Data and Code for “A Few Bad Apples? Racial Bias in Policing.” Nashville, TN: American Economic Association [publisher], 2021. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2021-02-20.

Project Description

Summary:  View help for Summary We estimate the degree to which individual police officers practice racial discrimination. Using a bunching estimation design and data from the Florida Highway Patrol, we show that minorities are less likely to receive a discount on their speeding tickets than white drivers. Disaggregating this difference to the individual police officer, we estimate that 37% of officers practice discrimination. We then apply our officer- level discrimination measures to various policy-relevant questions in the literature. In particular, reassigning officers across locations based on their lenience can effectively reduce the aggregate disparity in treatment.

Scope of Project

Subject Terms:  View help for Subject Terms Traffic Stops
JEL Classification:  View help for JEL Classification
      J15 Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
      K42 Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
Geographic Coverage:  View help for Geographic Coverage Florida
Time Period(s):  View help for Time Period(s) 1/1/2005 – 12/31/2015
Data Type(s):  View help for Data Type(s) administrative records data


Data Source:  View help for Data Source
Florida Court Clerks and Comptrollers
Florida Department of Corrections
Florida Department of Law Enforcement
Florida Department of Transportation
Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles
Florida Highway Patrol
Internal Revenue Service
US Census Bureau
Integrated Public Use Microdata (IPUMS)

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