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Project Citation: 

Bernhardt, Arielle, Field, Erica, Pande, Rohini, and Rigol, Natalia. Replication data for: Household Matters: Revisiting the Returns to Capital among Female Microentrepreneurs. Nashville, TN: American Economic Association [publisher], 2019. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2019-12-07. https://doi.org/10.3886/E116326V1

Project Description

Summary:  View help for Summary Multiple field experiments report positive financial returns to capital shocks for male and not female microentrepreneurs. But these analyses overlook the fact that female entrepreneurs often reside with male entrepreneurs. Using data from experiments in India, Sri Lanka, and Ghana, we show that the observed gender gap in microenterprise responses does not reflect lower returns on investment, when measured at the household level. Instead, the absence of a profit response among female-run enterprises reflects the fact that women's capital is typically invested into their husband's enterprise. We cannot reject equivalence of household-level income gains for male and female capital shock recipients.

Scope of Project

JEL Classification:  View help for JEL Classification
      G31 Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies; Capacity
      J16 Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
      L25 Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope
      L26 Entrepreneurship
      O12 Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
      O16 Economic Development: Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance


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