Name File Type Size Last Modified
mme_rx_group.dta application/x-stata 6.4 KB 06/24/2019 08:49:AM
pre_post.dta application/x-stata 17 KB 06/22/2019 12:18:PM
ts_pain.dta application/x-stata 1.4 MB 06/21/2019 01:17:PM

Project Citation: 

Spiegel, Brennan. Virtual Reality for Management of Pain in Hospitalized Patients:  A Randomized Comparative Effectiveness Trial . Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2019-06-27.

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Project Description

Summary:  View help for Summary Objectives: Therapeutic virtual reality (VR) has emerged as an effective, drug-free tool for pain management, but there is a lack of randomized, controlled data evaluating its effectiveness in hospitalized patients. We sought to measure the impact of on-demand VR versus “health and wellness” television programming for pain in hospitalized patients.
Methods: We performed a prospective, randomized, comparative effectiveness trial in hospitalized patients with an average pain score of >3 out of 10 points. Patients in the experimental group received a library of 21 VR experiences administered using the Samsung Gear Oculus headset; control patients viewed specialized television programming to promote health and wellness. Clinical staff followed usual care; study interventions were not protocolized. The primary outcome was patient-reported pain using a numeric rating scale, as recorded by nursing staff during usual care. Pre- and post-intervention pain scores were compared immediately after initial treatment and after 48- and 72-hours.

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