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Project Citation: 

Galor, Oded, and Özak, Ömer. Replication data for: The Agricultural Origins of Time Preference. Nashville, TN: American Economic Association [publisher], 2016. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2019-10-12.

Project Description

Summary:  View help for Summary This research explores the origins of observed differences in time preference across countries and regions. Exploiting a natural experiment associated with the expansion of suitable crops for cultivation in the course of the Columbian Exchange, the research establishes that pre-industrial agro-climatic characteristics which were conducive to higher return to agricultural investment triggered selection, adaptation, and learning processes that generated a persistent positive effect on the prevalence of long-term orientation in the contemporary era. Furthermore, the research establishes that these agro-climatic characteristics have had a culturally embodied impact on economic behavior such as technological adoption, education, saving, and smoking.

Scope of Project

Subject Terms:  View help for Subject Terms Savings; Patience; Agricultural suitability,; Time Preference; Caloric Suitability Index; Long-Term Orientation; Human Capital; Technology Adoption; Smoking
JEL Classification:  View help for JEL Classification
      D72 Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
      G21 Banks; Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
      G28 Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation
Geographic Coverage:  View help for Geographic Coverage World, Global
Time Period(s):  View help for Time Period(s) 1500 – 2015 (1500s-2000s)
Universe:  View help for Universe Multiple samples
Data Type(s):  View help for Data Type(s) survey data; geographic information system (GIS) data; observational data; program source code; aggregate data
Collection Notes:  View help for Collection Notes See paper for sources and processing


Data Source:  View help for Data Source Multiple data sources including: Caloric Suitability Index ( Inglehart, R., C. Haerpfer, A. Moreno, C. Welzel, K. Kizilova, J. Diez-Medrano, M. Lagos, P. Norris, E. Ponarin & B. Puranen et al. (eds.). 2014. World Values Survey: All Rounds - Country-Pooled Datafile 1981-2014. Madrid: JD Systems Institute. Murdock, G.P., 1967. Ethnographic atlas: a summary. Ethnology, 6(2), pp.109-236. Murdock, G.P. and White, D.R., 1969. Standard cross-cultural sample. Ethnology, 8(4), pp.329-369. ESS Round 3: European Social Survey Round 3 Data (2006). Data file edition 3.7. NSD - Norwegian Centre for Research Data, Norway - Data Archive and distributor of ESS data for ESS ERIC. doi:10.21338/NSD-ESS3-2006.
Unit(s) of Observation:  View help for Unit(s) of Observation Countries, Regions within Countries, Individuals within Countries, Second-Generation Migrants in Europe,

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